2 dezembro 2020
Energy saving can be strictly demonstrated by Noether`s theorem as a result of continuous symmetry of temporal translation; that is, the laws of physics do not change over time. A second type of approach postulates a random process that causes the uncertainty of the system to collapse and dispels its blur. A third solution includes a variety of universes. What we call a measurement is a kind of division of our universe into many branches that correspond to any possible outcome. All these ideas give up the problematic recipe for measurement. No one is problem-free, but that is what it is. As Tim Maudlin of New York University said, there are approaches to dealing with the problem in three types.1 You add so-called hidden variables – ingredients that go beyond what ordinary quantum theory offers – to provide a more complete description of the state of a system. The best known example is Broglie-Bohm`s theory, which assumes that in addition to ripple function, there are particles that have certain positions that standard quantitalism does not cover. The wave function leads them like a sheep dog. We physicists have learned that our bodies not only consume energy, but are not just energy consuming. Einstein`s formula E-mc2 identifies mass as a form of energy that can be transformed into other forms (for example.
B by an atomic bomb) or produced from these shapes (in a particle collider). The formula reinforces our intuition that energy is the fundamental thing from which things are made. If we delve deeper into physics, we also learn that the laws on the protection of nature are closely linked to symmetries, as the German mathematician Emmy Noether first estimated almost a century ago. Energy is preserved because the laws of nature are symmetrical over time – they do not change from moment to moment. The most interesting consequence of the above idea, that molecular adhesion can be measured by observing the number of doublets in balance in a diluted particle suspension, is that, under certain circumstances, an exact mathematical solution can be found, depending on the interaction between particles when they collide. The simplest situation is the one shown in Figure 20, where a particle approaches its neighbor at constant speed, until at a certain separation, the particles are attracted to each other with an energy.